Authors Guidelines

   1. The structure and content of the article

The requirements for the structure and content of the article correspond to the provisions of the National Standard of Ukraine DSTU 7152:2020. Edition. Designing publications in magazines and collections and Recommendations EANR (European Association of Scientific Editors) for authors and translators of scientific articles in English .


The article must be prepared in accordance with the requirements. Please, use only template in the DOCX format.



  1. UDC index.
  2. Digital Publication Identifier (DOI).
  3. Information about the author(s).
  4. Title of the article.
  5. Abstract.
  6. Keywords.
  7. The main text of the article.
  8. Information about the contribution of the authors.
  9. Acknowledgments, funding sources.
  10. References.
  11. Dates of receiving and editorial & publishing processing of the article.



Information and bibliographic department of the Scientific Library named after M. Maksymovycha provides paid services for determining the UDC index (UAH 25 per index). The service can be received in the room 24 of the library, or call: (044) 239-33-53 (33-53), or write a letter to the e-mail address , in which you should indicate your name, last name, the position, the title of the article and the abstract of the article .



The digital DOI identifier is assigned by the journal publisher. The DOI identifier is placed in a separate line under the UDC index.



The order of authors must be determined before submitting the manuscript (see "Authorship and co-authorship"). Any changes made after manuscript submission must be approved by all authors. Information about the author should include the following elements:

  • First Name Last Name;
  • academic degree, academic title;
  • position;
  • the main place of work or study during the research (name of the institution or organization);
  • city, country;
  • corporate e-mail of the author(s);
  • ORCID ID unique identifier of the research author.

Authors should indicate their affiliation with a specific institution as provided on their institution's official website. Please use your official corporate email when communicating with the Journal's editors. 

Abbreviations in the names of academic degrees, academic titles and positions in Ukrainian and English are requested to be submitted in accordance with the table. 1.

Table 1

Abbreviations in the names of scientific degrees, scientific titles and positions

Українською мовою

Англійською мовою

Д-р філол. наук

Dr. habil. (Philology)



Канд. філол. наук

Ph.D (Law)


Assoc. prof.

Ст. викл.

Senior  Lecturer





Пров. наук. співроб.

Leading Researcher

Наук. співроб.

Senior Researcher

Молод. наук. співроб.

Junior Researcher


Postgraduate Student





It should be understandable to specialists in other fields, informative and specific: 5-9 words corresponding to the content of the article, without phrases such as " Research question... " , " Some questions... " , " Problems... " etc. For an original research article, it is preferable to add a study descriptor to the title, for example "cross-sectional study", "practical study", "survey results" (see more details on title requirements in the Recommendations EANR (European Association of Scientific Editors) for authors and translators of scientific articles in English .

WARNING! Authors submit two versions of the article — with metadata - information about the authors (file Authors. Title of the article) and without metadata (File For review. Title of the article). This is required for double-blind peer review.



The abstract should reflect the content of the article, as it will be the primary source of information about your research for most readers (many databases contain only the title and abstract).

The abstract of the original research article should be structured and informative, comply with the IMRAD structure and contain the following points:

  • Actuality.
  • Purpose and tasks.
  • Methods.
  • The results.
  • Conclusions.

See example of abstract design in the abstract requirements in the Recommendations EANR (European Association of Scientific Editors) for authors and translators of scientific articles in English .

The length of the abstract should be not less than 1,800 characters and not more than 2,500 characters (with spaces).

The abstract of a review article can be unstructured, indicative; it should highlight the main theses of the review. The volume could be 100-150 words.



For an original research article — 4 to 8 keywords. For a review article - 3 - 6 keywords. Keywords should not repeat the title of the article.



Volume OF THE MAIN TEXT. An original research article — from 3,000 to 8,000 words, review article — from 2,000 to 5,000 words.

STRUCTURE OF THE ARTICLE. An original research paper must be prepared using the IMRAD structure and contain the following basic elements:

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • The results
  • Discussion and conclusions

Detailed requirements for each of the specified structural elements of the article are given in the Recommendations by EANR (European Association of Scientific Editors) for authors and translators of scientific articles in English).
The review article should also be prepared using the IMRAD structure without the "Methodology" section.


ILLUSTRATIONS, TABLES. All figures (schemes, graphs, charts, etc.) and tables must be numbered with Arabic numerals and placed directly in the text, where they should be according to the content (and not at the end of the document).

Explanatory captions should be given to the figures (below the figure, a separate paragraph), and thematic titles to the tables (above the table, a separate paragraph). Captions and titles should reflect the content of images and tables, be concise and informative. Each figure or table should be referred to in the main text of the article and their serial number should be indicated, for example: (Fig. 1), (Table 2).


Fig. 1. Histograms of the normal distribution of internal disk values

If the article is accepted, authors will upload individual files of all high-resolution figures in .tif or .jpg formats. File names for infographics should be self-explanatory and match the names in the text (eg Figure 1, Figure 2 ). Image resolution: 1,200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale, and 300 dpi for color.


  1. INFORMATION ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTION OF AUTHORS. It is necessary to indicate information about the contribution of the authors to the preparation of the article according to CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy):
  • Conceptualization. Ideas; the formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and objectives.
  • Formal analysis. Application of statistical, mathematical, computational or other formal methods for analysis or synthesis of empirical research data.
  • Software. Programming, software development; design of computer programs; implementation of computer code and auxiliary algorithms; code component testing.
  • Methodology. Development or design of methodology; creating models.
  • Data validation. Checking the reproducibility of results/experiments and other research results.
  • The writing is an original draft. Writing the initial version (draft) of the article.
  • Writing revision and editing. Making significant changes and additions to the article.



Name, surname — conceptualization, methodology;
First name, last name — software, formal analysis;
Name, surname — data validation, spelling — original draft;
Name, surname — writing — viewing and editing.



Mention all people who have made significant contributions to the research but are not co-authors: coordinated the execution of the research activities, provided resources (research materials, reagents, laboratory specimens, animals, instruments, computing resources, or other analysis tools).

Specify all sources of funding. Recommended format: "This work was supported by the Medical Research Council (grant number xxxx)." If there was no specific funding, write the following sentence: "This study did not receive any grant from a funding institution in the public, commercial, or non-commercial sectors." See more details on p. 3 Recommendations EANR (European Association of Scientific Editors) for authors and translators of scientific articles in English).



Bibliographic entries in the list of bibliographic references are given according to the bibliographic style of citation - APA style references (7th Edition).

Sources in the list of used sources are not numbered and are presented alphabetically.

The article in English provides ONE list of used sources References, in which the bibliographic description of sources that are not in Roman script (Cyrillic, Arabic, Chinese, etc.) are given in English translation. Indicate at the end of the bibliographic description in square brackets in English the source language: [in Ukrainian], [in Chinese], etc. and add a bibliographic description in the source language in square brackets. Example:

  • Zhenchenko, M. (2019). Digital transformation publishing industry. Zhnets [in Ukrainian]. [Zhenchenko, M. (2019). Digital transformations of the publishing industry. Reaper].


The article in Ukrainian provides TWO lists of used sources:

  1. The list of used sources in the original language (bibliographic descriptions are submitted according to the bibliographic style of citation APA style reference).
  2. References in English (bibliographic descriptions are submitted according to the bibliographic style of citation APA style reference). In References , the bibliographic description of the sources that are not in Roman script (Cyrillic, Arabic, Chinese, etc.) are presented in English translation and indicate the source language in English in square brackets at the end of the bibliographic description: [in Ukrainian], [in Chinese], etc. Example:
  • Zhenchenko, M. (2019). Digital transformation publishing industry. Zhnets [in Ukrainian].


FORMAT OF REFERENCE TO SOURCES IN THE TEXT. In-text vocations are given in round brackets with the indication:

  • the last name of the author (if the author is one) or the first word of the title of the work (for publications without authors), followed by a comma and the year of publication and, if necessary, followed by a comma of the pages after the abbreviation "c." (in Ukrainian) or "p." (in English). The title of the work can be abbreviated, and the omitted words are marked with the sign "three dots"):

(Freeberg, 2019), (Freeberg, 2019, p. 147), (Freeberg, 2019, pp. 56–57), (Scientific heritage..., 2017, p. 45), (Pravdyviy, 2018, p. 184–185 );

  • surnames of all co-authors (if there are no more than three authors), year of publication:

(Dormus, Brown, Bloom, 2013);

  • surnames of only the first co-author, abbreviation "etc." or "et al.", year of publication (if there are more than three authors):

(Grady et al., 2019), (Nazarenko et al., 2022);

  • surname and initials of the author, year of publication (if the article contains references to the works of authors with the same last name, published in the same year):

(Reinberg T., 2005);

  • the author's surname, the year of publication of the first work, the year of publication of the next work (if the article contains references to the works of the same author, published in different years, the author's surname is not duplicated):

(Gibson, 2007, p. 115; 2010, pp. 73–75);

  • surname of the author, year of publication, lowercase Latin letter after the year of publication (if the article contains references to the works of one author, published in the same year):

(Gibson, 2005a; 2005b; 2005c);

  • indicating the number or name (if there is no number) of the part of the electronic source (volume, part, chapter, etc.) with a comma after the year of publication, if the pages are not numbered.

(Brown, 2017, vol. 2).

Citations to several sources at the same time are presented after a semicolon in alphabetical order by the first letter of the author's last name of each source or the title of the work for publications without an author. For example, researchers studied a certain problem: (Freeberg, 2019; Grady et al., 2019).

The main part of the references in the publication should be to authoritative sources of the last 5-7 years of publication. The list of references should consist of at least 30% of articles published in rating journals that are indexed in the scientometric databases Scopus and Web of Science. Self-citation should not exceed 15% of the total number of cited sources.


Examples of bibliographic entries according to APA style references

Book edition

Author, AA (year of publication). The name of the book. Publishing house.

  • Covey, SR (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.

For electronic books or books that have electronic versions, at the end of the bibliographic description, indicate the URL, for example:

  • Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. Springer Nature. https:/
  • Zhenchenko, M. (2019). Digital transformations of the publishing industry. 2nd ed., changes. Reaper. tsyfrovi- transformatsiyi-vydavnychoyi-galuzi-kyyiv-zhnets-2019-2-ge-vyd-zmin-409-s/

Article in the Journal

Author, AA (year of publication). Title of the article. Journal name, journal number, pages. url

  • Grady, JS, Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture , 8 (3), 207–217.

Presentation at the conference

Author, AA (year, month, date of conference). Title of the presentation [Presentation at the conference]. Name of the conference, venue of the conference. url

Evans, AC, Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, RT, & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Conference materials, published in the collection of conference materials

Author, AA (year). Publication title. In Surnames of the editors of the collection (ed.), Name of the conference: No. Title (pages). Publisher. url

Bedenel, A.-L., Jourdan, L., & Biernacki, C. (2019). Probability estimation by an adapted genetic algorithm in web insurance. In R. Battiti, M. Brunato, I. Kotsireas, & P. Pardalos (Eds.), Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 11353. Learning and intelligent optimization (pp. 225–240). Springer.


Author, AA (year). Dissertation title [Doctoral dissertation manuscript]. The name of the university where the thesis was defended.

  • Harris, L. (2014). Instructional leadership perceptions and practices of elementary school leaders [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Virginia.

Normative legal acts, standards

  • Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2019). On ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the state language (Law of Ukraine dated April 25, 2019 No. 2704-VIII).
  • International Organization for Standardization. (2018). Occupational health and safety management systems—Requirements with guidance for use (ISO Standard No. 45001:2018).

You can also see detailed requirements and examples of bibliographic entries at: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 7th Edition and in Examples of Citations according to APA (7th ed.) in the list of sources used.

To correctly compile bibliographic records in the list of used sources, you can use specialized programs, for example:

WARNING! Scientific library named after M. Maksymovicha provides paid services for design and editing of lists of used sources.



At the end of the article, information is provided in the format:

Date of submission:
Date sent to review:
Date of acceptance:


WARNING! Information about the title of the article, information about the author(s), abstract (at least 1,800 characters) and keywords of the article in English for Ukrainian-language articles or in Ukrainian for English-language articles are provided at the end of the article after the list of sources used and the date of receipt of the article.


   2. Requirements for the technical design of the article

The technical design of the article must meet the requirements of the Publishing and Printing Center of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University , in particular:

  1. The text must be submitted as a WinWord file (*.doc) or a TeX file without using style marking.
  1. Page parameters:
  • line spacing – single;
  • paragraph indentation – 0.5 cm;
  • format – A4;
  • fields:





the left




from margin to header


from margin to footer


  1. Formatting parameters of structural elements:
  • UDC index (JEL, DOI) Arial, 9 pt, bold;
  • information about the author(s) – Arial, 9 pt, bold;
  • the title of the article is Arial, 10 pt, semi-bold, all capital letters;
  • abstract (in Ukrainian and English) Arial, 9 pt, italics;
  • points in structured annotation ("Relevance"...) Arial, 9 pt, bold italics;
  • the main text of the article (with tables and figures) Arial, 10 pt, normal;
  • the list of sources used is Arial, 8 pt, normal;
  • between sections of the article - a space of one line.
  1. Additional requirements for the text of the article:
  • enter each abbreviation in the text in brackets after the first mention of the corresponding full phrase; only then you can use the entered abbreviation;
  • submit all citations in the language of the article (regardless of the language of the original), necessarily accompanying them with links to the source and a specific page;
  • mark missing places of quotations with square brackets with three dots: […];
  • formulas in articles can only be typed using a formula editor (Microsoft Equation or MathType Equation), the font of the main characters is Arial, size 11;
  • between the numerical value and the abbreviated name of the unit of measurement of the value, put a continuous interval (Ctrl+Shift+Space);
  • adhere to the following format of graphic signs: quotation marks "…", apostrophe …'…, dashes … – … (you should use a short dash [–], not a long one [—] or a hyphen [-]);
  • put a dash on the designation of the range (from ... to ...): p. 1995–1997, 1930–1940s, April–May, Kyiv–Lviv;
  • do not allow the replacement of Latin letters with Cyrillic letters and vice versa (for example, Latin o, a, c, x, p, e, H, T, I, M, B with Cyrillic letters o, а, с, х, р, е, Н, Т, И, М, В), especially in the surname and first name of the author, title of the article, abstract, keywords, bibliographic citations, as this may cause erroneous indexing of the publication and make it impossible to identify it in search and bibliometric systems.