Misappropriating another person’s intellectual property constitutes plagiarism. This includes copying sentences or paragraphs verbatim (or almost verbatim) from someone else’s work, even if the original work is cited in the references. The ORI module "Avoiding Plagiarism, Self-Plagiarism, and Other Questionable Writing Practices: a Guide to Ethical Writing" can help authors identify questionable writing practices.
How to prevent plagiarism?
- Keep detailed and accurate notes about sources used
- Follow the citation guidelines (APA, MLA, Harvard, or other academic writing styles)
- Put quotation marks around any borrowed words
- Give credit to the author even if his or her words were summarized or paraphrased
- Be sure to cite one’s own papers as you would for other cited works
- Use a robust plagiarism checker like Turnitin, iThenticate, Unicheck or other detection tools.
For more information, please see the following guidelines regarding plagiarism:
- COPE guidelines on Suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript
- COPE guidelines on Suspected plagiarism in a published paper
- ORI Policy on Plagiarism
- ORI module on Ethical Writing
- ICMJE Recommendations
Bulletin is strictly against any unethical act of copying or plagiarism in any form. Plagiarism is said to have occurred when large portions of a manuscript have been copied from existing previously published resources. All manuscripts submitted for publication to Bulletin are cross-checked for plagiarism using free plagiarism software (e.g. Unicheck). Manuscripts found to be plagiarized during initial stages of review are out-rightly rejected and not considered for publication in the journal.