Sensor Systems with Optical Reponse


  • V. M. Yashchuk Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • A. G. Grebinyk Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Zeuthen, Germany
  • I. V. Lebedyeva Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • O. V. Vashchilina Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • M. Yu. Losytskyy Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • O. M. Navozenko Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv



sensor systems, optical response, autosensory


This paper is a review of the scientific works of the co-authors. In the paper, the basic principles of action of sensor systems with optical response of two types are considered. In particular, two spectroscopic technologies for probing some objects or events in non-living (synthetic) or biological environments are considered. In the first part of the work, sensor technologies related to the use of probes with optical response specially introduced into the sensor system are analyzed. As a rule, these probes are specially developed systems, the spectral properties of which change significantly under interaction with the object of probing. In the first part of the work, sensors of the first type are considered. In particular, the main ideas used in this type of sensors are given and specific examples of the use of such sensors are analyzed: specially created molecules that have a low fluorescence quantum yield due to a significant number of mechanical intramolecular degrees of freedom. The intercalation of such probes to large biomolecules leads to a change in the spectral characteristics of these probes, in particular, to a significant increase in fluorescence (up to 1000 times). The case of two-photon absorption of molecular probes in the transparency window of biological tissues is examined. Semiconductor and metal nanoparticles whose absorption and fluorescence spectra depend on their sizes were also proposed as probes of the first type (as sensors of elastic vibrations of the environment).The second part of the paper is devoted to the mechanisms of autosensing (the case when the medium's own optical centers are used to detect processes occurring in biological or synthetic systems). The main ideas that underlie the operation of sensors with optical response of this type were analyzed, and examples of such use were also given. In particular, the use of the own spectral properties of biomacromolecules and some coenzymes for changes in the external environment is considered. The use of the optical response of synthetic macromolecules on the value of their molecular weight was also analyzed.

Pages of the article in the issue: 180 - 183

Language of the article: Ukrainian


LI, D. LV, P. HAN, X.-W. JIA, Z. et al (2023) Highly Efficient Fluorescent Sensor Based on AIEgen for Detection of Nitrophenolic Explosives. Molecules V.28(1), p.181.

TOKAR, V.P., LOSYTSKYY, M.YU., YASHCHUK, V.M. (2008) Peculiarities of the DNA-Styrylcyanine dye system luminescence. Ukrainian Journal of Physics. V.53, №.12. P.1149-1154.

OHULCHANSKYY, T.Y., PUDAVAR, H.E., YARMOLUK, S.M., YASHCHUK, V.M., et al (2003) Cyan 40 for two-photon excited fluorescence detection of nucleic acids and their visualization in live cells. Photochem. Photobiol. 77(2). p.138–145.

LEBEDYEVA, I.V, BORYSEIKO, O.V, YASHCHUK, V.M. (2020) Elastic vibrations of silicon and germanium nanoparticles and the influence on their optical properties. J. Functional Materials. 27 (3). p. 463–467.

YASHCHUK, V.M., YARMOLUK, S.M., KUDRYA, V.YU., et al (2008) Advances in Optical Technologies. ‒ №.2008, ID 908246.

YASHCHUK, V.M., KUDRYA, V.YU., LEVCHENKO, S.M., et al (2011) Optical Response of the Polynucleotides-Proteins Interaction. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 535. p.93-110

YASHCHUK, V.M., GALUNOV M.Z., LEBEDYEVA I.V., et al (2022) Some peculiarities of triplet excitations dynamics in organic macromolecules and crystals. J. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals. 747(1), p. 3-13.




How to Cite

Yashchuk, V. M., Grebinyk, A. G., Lebedyeva, I. V., Vashchilina, O. V., Losytskyy, M. Y., & Navozenko, O. M. (2023). Sensor Systems with Optical Reponse. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Physical and Mathematical Sciences, (2), 180–183.



Differential equations, mathematical physics and mechanics